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  1. Understanding the molecular basis of susceptibility factors to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is a global health imperative. It is well-established that males are mo...

    Authors: Chaini Konwar, Rebecca Asiimwe, Amy M. Inkster, Sarah M. Merrill, Gian L. Negri, Maria J. Aristizabal, Christopher F. Rider, Julie L. MacIsaac, Christopher Carlsten and Michael S. Kobor
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:54
  2. Neural tube defects (NTDs) remain one of the most life-threatening birth defects affecting infants. Most patients with NTDs eventually develop lifelong disability, which cause significant morbidity and mortali...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Rui Cao, Dandan Li, Yuqing Sun, Juan Zhang, Xiuwei Wang, Ajab Khan, Zhizhen Liu, Bo Niu, Jun Xu and Jun Xie
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:52
  3. Nuclear processes such as transcription and RNA maturation can be impacted by subnuclear compartmentalization in condensates and nuclear bodies. Here, we characterize the nature of nuclear granules formed by R...

    Authors: Carlos Rivera, Daniel Verbel-Vergara, Duxan Arancibia, Anna Lappala, Marcela González, Fabián Guzmán, Gianluca Merello, Jeannie T. Lee and María Estela Andrés
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:51
  4. The review begins with a concise description of the principles of phase separation. This is followed by a comprehensive section on phase separation of chromatin, in which we recount the 60 years history of chr...

    Authors: Jeffrey C. Hansen, Kazuhiro Maeshima and Michael J. Hendzel
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:50
  5. Microrchidia proteins (MORCs) are involved in epigenetic gene silencing in a variety of eukaryotic organisms. Deletion of MORCs result in several developmental abnormalities and their dysregulation has been im...

    Authors: Varsha P. Desai, Jihed Chouaref, Haoyu Wu, William A. Pastor, Ryan L. Kan, Harald M. Oey, Zheng Li, Jamie Ho, Kelly K. D. Vonk, David San Leon Granado, Michael A. Christopher, Amander T. Clark, Steven E. Jacobsen and Lucia Daxinger
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:49
  6. 5-Methylcytosine (5mC) is an important epigenetic mark in eukaryotes. Little information about its role exists for invertebrates. To investigate the contribution of 5mC to phenotypic variation in invertebrates...

    Authors: Nelia Luviano, Marie Lopez, Fleur Gawehns, Cristian Chaparro, Paola B. Arimondo, Slavica Ivanovic, Patrice David, Koen Verhoeven, Céline Cosseau and Christoph Grunau
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:48
  7. Trimethylation of histone H3 on lysine 9 (H3K9me3) at satellite DNA sequences has been primarily studied at (peri)centromeric regions, where its level shows differences associated with various processes such a...

    Authors: Tanja Vojvoda Zeljko, Đurđica Ugarković and Željka Pezer
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:47
  8. Knowing chromatin components at a DNA regulatory element at any given time is essential for understanding how the element works during cellular proliferation, differentiation and development. A region-specific...

    Authors: Satoru Ide, Asuka Sasaki, Yusuke Kawamoto, Toshikazu Bando, Hiroshi Sugiyama and Kazuhiro Maeshima
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:46
  9. It is established that protein-coding exons are preferentially localized in nucleosomes. To examine whether the same is true for non-coding exons, we analysed nucleosome occupancy in and adjacent to internal e...

    Authors: Pinki Dey and John S. Mattick
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:45
  10. Understanding the influence of genetic variants on DNA methylation is fundamental for the interpretation of epigenomic data in the context of disease. There is a need for systematic approaches not only for det...

    Authors: Michael Scherer, Gilles Gasparoni, Souad Rahmouni, Tatiana Shashkova, Marion Arnoux, Edouard Louis, Arina Nostaeva, Diana Avalos, Emmanouil T. Dermitzakis, Yurii S. Aulchenko, Thomas Lengauer, Paul A. Lyons, Michel Georges and Jörn Walter
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:44
  11. Cell types in ventral midbrain are involved in diseases with variable genetic susceptibility, such as Parkinson’s disease and schizophrenia. Many genetic variants affect regulatory regions and alter gene expre...

    Authors: Yujuan Gui, Kamil Grzyb, Mélanie H. Thomas, Jochen Ohnmacht, Pierre Garcia, Manuel Buttini, Alexander Skupin, Thomas Sauter and Lasse Sinkkonen
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:43
  12. Environmental fluctuation during embryonic and fetal development can permanently alter an organism’s morphology, physiology, and behaviour. This phenomenon, known as developmental plasticity, is particularly r...

    Authors: Ilan Ruhr, Jacob Bierstedt, Turk Rhen, Debojyoti Das, Sunil Kumar Singh, Soleille Miller, Dane A. Crossley II and Gina L. J. Galli
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:42
  13. Eukaryotic genomes are highly organised within the nucleus of a cell, allowing widely dispersed regulatory elements such as enhancers to interact with gene promoters through physical contacts in three-dimensio...

    Authors: Ning Liu, Wai Yee Low, Hamid Alinejad-Rokny, Stephen Pederson, Timothy Sadlon, Simon Barry and James Breen
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:41
  14. Although extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) has been intensively studied for several decades, the mechanisms underlying its tumorigenic effects have been revealed only recently. In most conventional sequencing studi...

    Authors: Weitian Chen, Zhe Weng, Zhe Xie, Yeming Xie, Chen Zhang, Zhichao Chen, Fengying Ruan, Juan Wang, Yuxin Sun, Yitong Fang, Mei Guo, Yiqin Tong, Yaning Li and Chong Tang
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:40
  15. Panobinostat (PB), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor drug, is clinically used in the treatment of cancers. We investigated the effects of PB on murine ovarian functions in embryos and adult animals.

    Authors: Louis Legoff, Ouzna Dali, Elena De La Mata Santaella, Christian Jaulin, Shereen Cynthia D’Cruz and Fatima Smagulova
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:39
  16. Notch signaling controls cell fate decisions in many contexts during development and adult stem cell homeostasis and, when dysregulated, leads to carcinogenesis. The central transcription factor RBPJ assembles...

    Authors: Małgorzata Sotomska, Robert Liefke, Francesca Ferrante, Heiko Schwederski, Franz Oswald and Tilman Borggrefe
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:38
  17. Condensation of chromatin prior to enucleation is an essential component of terminal erythroid maturation, and defects in this process are associated with inefficient erythropoiesis and anemia. However, the me...

    Authors: Nazish N. Jeffery, Christina Davidson, Scott A. Peslak, Paul D. Kingsley, Yukio Nakamura, James Palis and Michael Bulger
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:37
  18. Cohesin is a key organizer of chromatin folding in eukaryotic cells. The two main activities of this ring-shaped protein complex are the maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion and the establishment of long-r...

    Authors: Arkadiy K. Golov, Anastasia V. Golova, Alexey A. Gavrilov and Sergey V. Razin
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:36
  19. Centromeric regions of human chromosomes contain large numbers of tandemly repeated α-satellite sequences. These sequences are covered with constitutive heterochromatin which is enriched in trimethylation of h...

    Authors: Sheldon Decombe, François Loll, Laura Caccianini, Kévin Affannoukoué, Ignacio Izeddin, Julien Mozziconacci, Christophe Escudé and Judith Lopes
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:35
  20. Histone chaperones facilitate DNA replication and repair by promoting chromatin assembly, disassembly and histone exchange. Following histones synthesis and nucleosome assembly, the histones undergo posttransl...

    Authors: Yinjie Lian, Huijuan Hao, Jing Xu, Tao Bo, Aihua Liang and Wei Wang
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:34
  21. The histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79) methyltransferase DOT1L is a key chromatin-based barrier to somatic cell reprogramming. However, the mechanisms by which DOT1L safeguards cell identity and somatic-specific tra...

    Authors: Deniz Uğurlu-Çimen, Deniz Odluyurt, Kenan Sevinç, Nazlı Ezgi Özkan-Küçük, Burcu Özçimen, Deniz Demirtaş, Eray Enüstün, Can Aztekin, Martin Philpott, Udo Oppermann, Nurhan Özlü and Tamer T. Önder
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:32
  22. Exposure to early life stress (ELS) during childhood or prenatally increases the risk of future psychiatric disorders. The effect of stress exposure during the neonatal period is less well understood. In prete...

    Authors: Eamon Fitzgerald, Matthew C. Sinton, Sara Wernig-Zorc, Nicholas M. Morton, Megan C. Holmes, James P. Boardman and Amanda J. Drake
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:31
  23. Drosophila dosage compensation is an important model system for defining how active chromatin domains are formed. The male-specific lethal dosage compensation complex (MSLc) increases transcript levels of genes a...

    Authors: William Jordan III and Erica Larschan
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:29
  24. With rapidly dropping sequencing cost, the popularity of whole-genome DNA methylation sequencing has been on the rise. Multiple library preparation protocols currently exist. We have performed 22 whole-genome ...

    Authors: Jacob Morrison, Julie M. Koeman, Benjamin K. Johnson, Kelly K. Foy, Ian Beddows, Wanding Zhou, David W. Chesla, Larissa L. Rossell, Emily J. Siegwald, Marie Adams and Hui Shen
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:28
  25. A critical question emerging in the field of developmental toxicology is whether alterations in chromatin structure induced by toxicant exposure control patterns of gene expression or, instead, are structural ...

    Authors: Richard C. Chang, Kara N. Thomas, Nicole A. Mehta, Kylee J. Veazey, Scott E. Parnell and Michael C. Golding
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:27
  26. DNA methylation is an epigenetic chromatin mark that allows heterochromatin formation and gene silencing. It has a fundamental role in preserving genome stability (including chromosome stability) by controllin...

    Authors: Xena Giada Pappalardo and Viviana Barra
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:25
  27. During epididymal transit, spermatozoa go through several functional maturation steps, resulting from interactions with epididymal secretomes specific to each region. In particular, the sperm membrane is under...

    Authors: Eli Sellem, Sylvain Marthey, Andrea Rau, Luc Jouneau, Aurelie Bonnet, Chrystelle Le Danvic, Benoît Guyonnet, Hélène Kiefer, Hélène Jammes and Laurent Schibler
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:24
  28. Selective proteolysis of the histone H3 N-terminal tail (H3NT) is frequently observed during eukaryotic development, generating a cleaved histone H3 (H3cl) product within a small, but significant, portion of t...

    Authors: Judd C. Rice, Benjamin H. Weekley, Tomas Kanholm, Zhihui Chen, Sunyoung Lee, Daniel J. Fernandez, Rachel Abrahamson, Alessandra Castaldi, Zea Borok, Brian D. Dynlacht and Woojin An
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:23
  29. Selective gene silencing is key to development. It is generally accepted that H3K27me3-enriched heterochromatin maintains transcriptional repression established during early development and regulates cell fate...

    Authors: F. Carlier, M. Li, L. Maroc, R. Debuchy, C. Souaid, D. Noordermeer, P. Grognet and F. Malagnac
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:22
  30. DNA methylation is an important epigenetic control mechanism that in many fungi is restricted to genomic regions containing transposable elements (TEs). Two DNA methyltransferases, Dim2 and Dnmt5, are known to...

    Authors: H. Martin Kramer, David E. Cook, Grardy C. M. van den Berg, Michael F. Seidl and Bart P. H. J. Thomma
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:21
  31. ΔNp63 is a master transcriptional regulator playing critical roles in epidermal development and other cellular processes. Recent studies suggest that ΔNp63 functions as a pioneer factor that can target its bin...

    Authors: Xinyang Yu, Prashant K. Singh, Shamira Tabrejee, Satrajit Sinha and Michael J. Buck
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:20
  32. The Plasmodium sexual gametocyte stages are the only transmissible form of the malaria parasite and are thus responsible for the continued transmission of the disease. Gametocytes undergo extensive functional and...

    Authors: Jessica Connacher, Gabrielle A. Josling, Lindsey M. Orchard, Janette Reader, Manuel Llinás and Lyn-Marié Birkholtz
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:19
  33. Maternal protein restriction diet (PRD) increases the risk of metabolic dysfunction in adulthood, the mechanisms during the early life of offspring are still poorly understood. Apart from genetic factors, epig...

    Authors: Yinyu Wang, Yiting Mao, Yiran Zhao, Xianfu Yi, Guolian Ding, Chuanjin Yu, Jianzhong Sheng, Xinmei Liu, Yicong Meng and Hefeng Huang
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:18
  34. Environmental factors, such as oxidative stress, have the potential to modify the epigenetic landscape of cells. We have previously shown that DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) activity can be inhibited by subletha...

    Authors: Annika R. Seddon, Yusmiati Liau, Paul E. Pace, Allison L. Miller, Andrew B. Das, Martin A. Kennedy, Mark B. Hampton and Aaron J. Stevens
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:17
  35. Pita is required for Drosophila development and binds specifically to a long motif in active promoters and insulators. Pita belongs to the Drosophila family of zinc-finger architectural proteins, which also in...

    Authors: Marat Sabirov, Olga Kyrchanova, Galina V. Pokholkova, Artem Bonchuk, Natalia Klimenko, Elena Belova, Igor F. Zhimulev, Oksana Maksimenko and Pavel Georgiev
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:16
  36. The Hi-C technique is widely employed to study the 3-dimensional chromatin architecture and to assemble genomes. The conventional in situ Hi-C protocol employs restriction enzymes to digest chromatin, which re...

    Authors: Maria Gridina, Evgeniy Mozheiko, Emil Valeev, Ludmila P. Nazarenko, Maria E. Lopatkina, Zhanna G. Markova, Maria I. Yablonskaya, Viktoria Yu Voinova, Nadezhda V. Shilova, Igor N. Lebedev and Veniamin Fishman
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:15
  37. Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by a genome-wide profile of differential DNA methylation that is skewed towards hypermethylation in most tissues, including brain, and includes pan-tissue differential methy...

    Authors: Benjamin I. Laufer, J. Antonio Gomez, Julia M. Jianu and Janine M. LaSalle
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:13
  38. X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) in eutherian mammals is the epigenetic inactivation of one of the two X chromosomes in XX females in order to compensate for dosage differences with XY males. Not all genes are ...

    Authors: Bradley P. Balaton, Oriol Fornes, Wyeth W. Wasserman and Carolyn J. Brown
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:12
  39. In the developing vertebrate retina, retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) proliferate and give rise to terminally differentiated neurons with exquisite spatio-temporal precision. Lineage commitment, fate determinat...

    Authors: Reza Raeisossadati, Merari F. R. Ferrari, Alexandre Hiroaki Kihara, Issam AlDiri and Jeffrey M. Gross
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:11
  40. Histone crotonylation is a recently described post-translational modification that occurs at multiple identified histone lysine crotonylation sites. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that histo...

    Authors: Kun Li and Ziqiang Wang
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:10
  41. The mechanisms linking UV radiation and vitamin D exposure to the risk of acquiring the latitude and critical period-dependent autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis, is unclear. We examined the effect of vita...

    Authors: Lawrence T. C. Ong, Stephen D. Schibeci, Nicole L. Fewings, David R. Booth and Grant P. Parnell
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:9
  42. Splicing factors have recently been shown to be involved in heterochromatin formation, but their role in controlling heterochromatin structure and function remains poorly understood. In this study, we identifi...

    Authors: Martina Weigt, Qingsong Gao, Hyoju Ban, Haijin He, Guido Mastrobuoni, Stefan Kempa, Wei Chen and Fei Li
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:8
  43. Benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors are the clinical hallmark of Neurofibromatosis Type 1. They account for substantial morbidity and mortality in NF1. Cutaneous (CNF) and plexiform neurofibromas (PNF) share...

    Authors: Jamie L. Grit, Benjamin K. Johnson, Patrick S. Dischinger, Curt J. Essenburg, Marie Adams, Stacy Campbell, Kai Pollard, Christine A. Pratilas, Tim J. Triche Jr., Carrie R. Graveel and Matthew R. Steensma
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:7
  44. Environmentally induced epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of pathology and phenotypic variation has been demonstrated in all organisms investigated from plants to humans. This non-genetic form of inheri...

    Authors: Daniel Beck, Millissia Ben Maamar and Michael K. Skinner
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:6
  45. The vast majority of methods available to characterize genome-wide chromatin structure exploit differences in DNA accessibility to nucleases or chemical crosslinking. We developed a novel method to gauge genom...

    Authors: Luke T. Marr, Josefina Ocampo, David J. Clark and Jeffrey J. Hayes
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:5
  46. H1T2/H1FNT is a germ cell-specific linker histone variant expressed during spermiogenesis specifically in round and elongating spermatids. Infertile phenotype of homozygous H1T2 mutant male mice revealed the e...

    Authors: Vasantha Shalini, Utsa Bhaduri, Anjhana C. Ravikkumar, Anusha Rengarajan and Rao M. R. Satyanarayana
    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2021 14:3

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