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  1. Content type: Research

    The long noncoding RNA Xist is critical for initiation and establishment of X-chromosome inactivation during embryogenesis in mammals, but it is unclear whether its continued expression is required for maintai...

    Authors: Robin L. Adrianse, Kaleb Smith, Tonibelle Gatbonton-Schwager, Smitha P. Sripathy, Uyen Lao, Eric J. Foss, Ruben G. Boers, Joachim B. Boers, Joost Gribnau and Antonio Bedalov

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:50

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  2. Content type: Research

    Our appreciation of the critical role of the genome’s 3D organization in gene regulation is steadily increasing. Recent 3C-based deep sequencing techniques elucidated a hierarchy of structures that underlie th...

    Authors: Idan Nurick, Ron Shamir and Ran Elkon

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:49

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  3. Content type: Research

    The silkworm, Bombyx mori, a typical representative of metamorphic insects, is of great agricultural and economic importance. The steroid hormone ecdysone (20-hydroxyecdysone, 20E) is the central regulator of ins...

    Authors: Dong Cheng, Tingcai Cheng, Xi Yang, Quan Zhang, Jianfeng Fu, Tieshan Feng, Jiao Gong and Qingyou Xia

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:48

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  4. Content type: Research

    Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy 1 (FSHD1) has an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and primarily affects skeletal muscle. The genetic cause of FSHD1 is contraction of the D4Z4 macrosatellite arr...

    Authors: Premi Haynes, Karol Bomsztyk and Daniel G. Miller

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:47

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  5. Content type: Research

    Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a ring-shaped homotrimer complex, promotes DNA replication via binding to DNA polymerase. Trimerized PCNA is critical for DNA replication. Enhancer of zeste homologue...

    Authors: Peng A, Xinyi Xu, Chenglin Wang, Jing Yang, Shida Wang, Jiewen Dai and Ling Ye

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:44

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  6. Content type: Research

    Linker histones establish and maintain higher-order chromatin structure. Eleven linker histone subtypes have been reported in mammals. HILS1 is a spermatid-specific linker histone, and its expression overlaps ...

    Authors: Laxmi Narayan Mishra, Vasantha Shalini, Nikhil Gupta, Krittika Ghosh, Neeraj Suthar, Utsa Bhaduri and M. R. Satyanarayana Rao

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:43

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  7. Content type: Research

    Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) based on human brain samples allow a deep and direct understanding of epigenetic dysregulation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, strong variation of cell-type prop...

    Authors: Gilles Gasparoni, Sebastian Bultmann, Pavlo Lutsik, Theo F. J. Kraus, Sabrina Sordon, Julia Vlcek, Vanessa Dietinger, Martina Steinmaurer, Melanie Haider, Christopher B. Mulholland, Thomas Arzberger, Sigrun Roeber, Matthias Riemenschneider, Hans A. Kretzschmar, Armin Giese, Heinrich Leonhardt…

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:41

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  8. Content type: Research

    Telomeric small RNAs related to PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) have been described in various eukaryotes; however, their role in germline-specific telomere function remains poorly understood. Using a Drosophila m...

    Authors: Elizaveta Radion, Valeriya Morgunova, Sergei Ryazansky, Natalia Akulenko, Sergey Lavrov, Yuri Abramov, Pavel A. Komarov, Sergey I. Glukhov, Ivan Olovnikov and Alla Kalmykova

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:40

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  9. Content type: Methodology

    The ability to accurately and efficiently measure DNA methylation is critical to advance the understanding of this epigenetic mechanism and its contribution to common diseases. Here, we present a highly accura...

    Authors: Simone Roeh, Tobias Wiechmann, Susann Sauer, Maik Ködel, Elisabeth B. Binder and Nadine Provençal

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:39

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  10. Content type: Correction

    Unfortunately, the original version of this article contained a typographical error in one of the author names. The name of the author Alexey Pindyurin was incorrectly spelt as Alexey Pinduyrin. The correct sp...

    Authors: Marco La Fortezza, Giovanna Grigolon, Andrea Cosolo, Alexey Pindyurin, Laura Breimann, Helmut Blum, Bas van Steensel and Anne-Kathrin Classen

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:38

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    The original article was published in Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:27

  11. Content type: Research

    DNA methylation is one of the main epigenetic mechanisms for the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. In the standard model, methylation in gene promoters has received the most attention since it is ge...

    Authors: Dafni Anastasiadi, Anna Esteve-Codina and Francesc Piferrer

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:37

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  12. Content type: Research

    Genomic imprinting is governed by allele-specific DNA methylation at imprinting control regions (ICRs), and the mechanism controlling its differential methylation establishment during gametogenesis has been a ...

    Authors: Hitomi Matsuzaki, Eiichi Okamura, Daichi Kuramochi, Aki Ushiki, Katsuhiko Hirakawa, Akiyoshi Fukamizu and Keiji Tanimoto

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:36

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  13. Content type: Research

    The concept of pioneer transcription factors is emerging as an essential part of the epigenetic regulation, taking place during cell development and differentiation. However, the precise molecular mechanism un...

    Authors: Bettina M. Fuglerud, Marit Ledsaak, Marie Rogne, Ragnhild Eskeland and Odd S. Gabrielsen

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:35

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  14. Content type: Research

    In hepatocyte nuclei, hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes occur episomally as covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA). The HBV X protein (HBx) is required to initiate and maintain HBV replication. The functional n...

    Authors: Kai O. Hensel, Franziska Cantner, Felix Bangert, Stefan Wirth and Jan Postberg

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:34

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  15. Content type: Review

    The lysine-specific histone demethylase 1A (KDM1A) was the first demethylase to challenge the concept of the irreversible nature of methylation marks. KDM1A, containing a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-depe...

    Authors: Tayaba Ismail, Hyun-Kyung Lee, Chowon Kim, Taejoon Kwon, Tae Joo Park and Hyun-Shik Lee

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:33

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  16. Content type: Research

    Accurate regulation of tissue- and stage-specific expression of genes is prerequisite for normal development in organisms. DNA methylation plays an important role in modulating gene expression in mammals and p...

    Authors: Guanfeng Xu, Jie Zhang, Hao Lyu, Qisheng Song, Qili Feng, Hui Xiang and Sichun Zheng

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:32

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  17. Content type: Research

    During sexual reproduction in the unicellular ciliate Stylonychia somatic macronuclei differentiate from germline micronuclei. Thereby, programmed sequence reduction takes place, leading to the elimination of > 9...

    Authors: Jan Postberg, Franziska Jönsson, Patrick Philipp Weil, Aneta Bulic, Stefan Andreas Juranek and Hans-Joachim Lipps

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:31

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  18. Content type: Research

    The reported antitumor activity of the BET family bromodomain inhibitors has prompted the development of inhibitors against other bromodomains. However, the human genome encodes more than 60 different bromodom...

    Authors: Veronica Garcia-Carpizo, Sergio Ruiz-Llorente, Jacinto Sarmentero, Osvaldo Graña-Castro, David G. Pisano and Maria J. Barrero

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:30

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  19. Content type: Research

    The dynamics of histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) are sparsely described, especially in their true physiological context of proteoforms (single histone molecules harboring combinations of PTMs).

    Authors: Tao Wang, Matthew V. Holt and Nicolas L. Young

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:29

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  20. Content type: Research

    Zrsr1 is a paternally expressed imprinted gene located in the first intron of Commd1, and the Zrsr1 promoter resides in a differentially methylated region (DMR) that is maternally methylated in the oocyte. Howeve...

    Authors: Keiichiro Joh, Fumikazu Matsuhisa, Shuji Kitajima, Kenichi Nishioka, Ken Higashimoto, Hitomi Yatsuki, Tomohiro Kono, Haruhiko Koseki and Hidenobu Soejima

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:28

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  21. Content type: Research

    Tracking dynamic protein–chromatin interactions in vivo is key to unravel transcriptional and epigenetic transitions in development and disease. However, limited availability and heterogeneous tissue compositi...

    Authors: Marco La Fortezza, Giovanna Grigolon, Andrea Cosolo, Alexey Pindyurin, Laura Breimann, Helmut Blum, Bas van Steensel and Anne-Kathrin Classen

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:27

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:38

  22. Content type: Research

    Heat-shock molecular chaperone proteins (Hsps) promote the loading of small interfering RNA (siRNA) onto RNA interference (RNAi) effector complexes. While the RNAi process is coupled with heterochromatin assem...

    Authors: Kosuke Okazaki, Hiroaki Kato, Tetsushi Iida, Kaori Shinmyozu, Jun-ichi Nakayama, Yota Murakami and Takeshi Urano

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:26

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  23. Content type: Research

    The well-established association of chronological age with changes in DNA methylation is primarily founded on the analysis of large sets of blood samples, while conclusions regarding tissue-specificity are typ...

    Authors: Roderick C. Slieker, Caroline L. Relton, Tom R. Gaunt, P. Eline Slagboom and Bastiaan T. Heijmans

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:25

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  24. Content type: Methodology

    Comprehensive genome-wide DNA methylation profiling is critical to gain insights into epigenetic reprogramming during development and disease processes. Among the different genome-wide DNA methylation technolo...

    Authors: Shalima S. Nair, Phuc-Loi Luu, Wenjia Qu, Madhavi Maddugoda, Lily Huschtscha, Roger Reddel, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Martina Toso, James G. Kench, Lisa G. Horvath, Vanessa M. Hayes, Phillip D. Stricker, Timothy P. Hughes, Deborah L. White, John E. J. Rasko, Justin J.-L. Wong…

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:24

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  25. Content type: Research

    MMP-9 plays a direct role in the activation of pro-osteoclastogenic genes by cleaving histone H3N-terminal tail (H3NT) and altering chromatin architecture. Although H3 acetylation at K18 has been shown to stim...

    Authors: Kyunghwan Kim, Yonghwan Shin, Jinman Kim, Tobias S. Ulmer and Woojin An

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:23

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  26. Content type: Research

    Enhancers and promoters are cis-acting regulatory elements associated with lineage-specific gene expression. Previous studies showed that different categories of active regulatory elements are in regions of op...

    Authors: Elisabeth F. Heuston, Cheryl A. Keller, Jens Lichtenberg, Belinda Giardine, Stacie M. Anderson, Ross C. Hardison and David M. Bodine

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:22

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  27. Content type: Research

    DNA methylation in CpG context is fundamental to the epigenetic regulation of gene expression in higher eukaryotes. Changes in methylation patterns are implicated in many diseases, cellular differentiation, im...

    Authors: Thadeous J. Kacmarczyk, Mame P. Fall, Xihui Zhang, Yuan Xin, Yushan Li, Alicia Alonso and Doron Betel

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:21

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  28. Content type: Research

    The existing reports about intergenerational or transgenerational effects of intrauterine hyperglycemia have included both intrauterine and postnatal metabolic exposure factors, while the impact of intrauterin...

    Authors: Jun Ren, Yi Cheng, Zhen-Hua Ming, Xin-Yan Dong, Yu-Zhong Zhou, Guo-Lian Ding, Hai-Yan Pang, Tanzil Ur Rahman, Rubab Akbar, He-Feng Huang and Jian-Zhong Sheng

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:20

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  29. Content type: Research

    Anti-Silencing Factor 1 (ASF1) is a conserved H3–H4 histone chaperone involved in both Replication-Coupled and Replication-Independent (RI) nucleosome assembly pathways. At DNA replication forks, ASF1 plays an...

    Authors: Béatrice Horard, Laure Sapey-Triomphe, Emilie Bonnefoy and Benjamin Loppin

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:19

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  30. Content type: Research

    Heterochromatin, which is formed when tri-methyl lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3K9me3) is bound by heterochromatin 1 proteins (HP1s), plays an important role in differentiation and senescence by silencing cell cycl...

    Authors: Kyohei Oyama, Danny El-Nachef, Chen Fang, Hidemi Kajimoto, Jeremy P. Brown, Prim B. Singh and W. Robb MacLellan

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:18

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  31. Content type: Research

    The centromere is the specialized chromatin region that directs chromosome segregation. The kinetochore assembles on the centromere, attaching chromosomes to microtubules in mitosis. The centromere position is...

    Authors: Jing Zhu, Kevin Chi Lok Cheng and Karen Wing Yee Yuen

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:16

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  32. Content type: Research

    Meiosis is a specialized germ cell cycle that generates haploid gametes. In the initial stage of meiosis, meiotic prophase I (MPI), homologous chromosomes pair and recombine. Extensive changes in chromatin in ...

    Authors: Valeriya Gaysinskaya, Brendan F. Miller, Chiara De Luca, Godfried W. van der Heijden, Kasper D. Hansen and Alex Bortvin

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:15

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  33. Content type: Research

    During Drosophila spermatogenesis, testis-specific meiotic arrest complex (tMAC) and testis-specific TBP-associated factors (tTAF) contribute to activation of hundreds of genes required for meiosis and spermio...

    Authors: Petr P. Laktionov, Daniil A. Maksimov, Stanislav E. Romanov, Polina A. Antoshina, Olga V. Posukh, Helen White-Cooper, Dmitry E. Koryakov and Stepan N. Belyakin

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:14

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  34. Content type: Research

    Eukaryotic transcription is regulated through two complexes, the general transcription factor IID (TFIID) and the coactivator Spt–Ada–Gcn5 acetyltransferase (SAGA). Recent findings confirm that both TFIID and ...

    Authors: Varinia García-Molinero, José García-Martínez, Rohit Reja, Pedro Furió-Tarí, Oreto Antúnez, Vinesh Vinayachandran, Ana Conesa, B. Franklin Pugh, José E. Pérez-Ortín and Susana Rodríguez-Navarro

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:13

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  35. Content type: Research

    DNA methylation plays a vital role in the cell, but loss-of-function mutations of the maintenance methyltransferase DNMT1 in normal human cells are lethal, precluding target identification, and existing hypomorph...

    Authors: Karla M. O’Neill, Rachelle E. Irwin, Sarah-Jayne Mackin, Sara-Jayne Thursby, Avinash Thakur, Ciske Bertens, Laura Masala, Jayne E. P. Loughery, Darragh G. McArt and Colum P. Walsh

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:12

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  36. Content type: Research

    Controlled modulation of nucleosomal DNA accessibility via post-translational modifications (PTM) is a critical component to many cellular functions. Charge-altering PTMs in the globular histone core—including...

    Authors: Andrew T. Fenley, Ramu Anandakrishnan, Yared H. Kidane and Alexey V. Onufriev

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:11

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  37. Content type: Research

    The chromatin remodelers of the SWI/SNF family are critical transcriptional regulators. Recognition of lysine acetylation through a bromodomain (BRD) component is key to SWI/SNF function; in most eukaryotes, t...

    Authors: Alejandro Saettone, Jyoti Garg, Jean-Philippe Lambert, Syed Nabeel-Shah, Marcelo Ponce, Alyson Burtch, Cristina Thuppu Mudalige, Anne-Claude Gingras, Ronald E. Pearlman and Jeffrey Fillingham

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:10

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  38. Content type: Research

    It has been reported that USP7 (ubiquitin-specific protease 7) prevents ubiquitylation and degradation of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) by direct binding of USP7 to the glycine-lysine (GK) repeats that join ...

    Authors: Olya Yarychkivska, Omid Tavana, Wei Gu and Timothy H. Bestor

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:9

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  39. Content type: Research

    Environmental toxicants such as DDT have been shown to induce the epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of disease (e.g., obesity) through the germline. The current study was designed to investigate the DDT...

    Authors: Michael K. Skinner, Millissia Ben Maamar, Ingrid Sadler-Riggleman, Daniel Beck, Eric Nilsson, Margaux McBirney, Rachel Klukovich, Yeming Xie, Chong Tang and Wei Yan

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:8

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  40. Content type: Research

    The KZFP/KAP1 (KRAB zinc finger proteins/KRAB-associated protein 1) system plays a central role in repressing transposable elements (TEs) and maintaining parent-of-origin DNA methylation at imprinting control ...

    Authors: Andrea Coluccio, Gabriela Ecco, Julien Duc, Sandra Offner, Priscilla Turelli and Didier Trono

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:7

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  41. Content type: Research

    DNA shape analysis has demonstrated the potential to reveal structure-based mechanisms of protein–DNA binding. However, information about the influence of chemical modification of DNA is limited. Cytosine meth...

    Authors: Satyanarayan Rao, Tsu-Pei Chiu, Judith F. Kribelbauer, Richard S. Mann, Harmen J. Bussemaker and Remo Rohs

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:6

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  42. Content type: Research

    The estrogen receptor (ER) is a ligand-dependant transcription factor expressed in many breast cancers and is the target of many endocrine-based cancer therapies. Genome-wide studies have shown that the ER bin...

    Authors: Bart Kolendowski, Haider Hassan, Milica Krstic, Majdina Isovic, Gobi Thillainadesan, Ann F. Chambers, Alan B. Tuck and Joseph Torchia

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:5

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  43. Content type: Methodology

    Protein posttranslational modifications (PTMs) occur broadly in the human proteome, and their biological outcome is often mediated indirectly by reader proteins that specifically bind to modified proteins and ...

    Authors: Agnieszka Anna Rawłuszko-Wieczorek, Franziska Knodel, Raluca Tamas, Arunkumar Dhayalan and Albert Jeltsch

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:4

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  44. Content type: Research

    It is well recognized that the interphase chromatin of higher eukaryotes folds into non-random configurations forming territories within the nucleus. Chromosome territories have biologically significant proper...

    Authors: Nicholas Allen Kinney, Igor V. Sharakhov and Alexey V. Onufriev

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:3

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  45. Content type: Methodology

    Histones organize DNA into chromatin through a variety of processes. Among them, a vast diversity of histone variants can be incorporated into chromatin and finely modulate its organization and functionality. ...

    Authors: Sara El Kennani, Annie Adrait, Olga Permiakova, Anne-Marie Hesse, Côme Ialy-Radio, Myriam Ferro, Virginie Brun, Julie Cocquet, Jérôme Govin and Delphine Pflieger

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:2

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  46. Content type: Research

    The timing of the first cell divisions may predict the developmental potential of an embryo, including its ability to establish pregnancy. Besides differences related to metabolism, stress, and survival, embr...

    Authors: Jessica Ispada, Camila Bruna de Lima, Marc-André Sirard, Patrícia Kubo Fontes, Marcelo Fábio Gouveia Nogueira, Kelly Annes and Marcella Pecora Milazzotto

    Citation: Epigenetics & Chromatin 2018 11:1

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