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A closer look into DNase I hypersensitivity

DNase I hypersensitivity (DHS) combined with next generation sequencing (DNase-seq) is an efficient way of observing, in a single experiment, the genome-wide chromatin effects associated with the binding of multiple transcription factors. Using quantitative contrasts of DHS before and after estrogen and androgen stimulation in breast and prostate cancer cell lines, we have shown that differential DHS can accurately predict hormone induced transcription factor binding. Despite its effectiveness, the DHS assay can vary significantly depending on the experimental parameters. To increase the robustness of this assay, we have systematically evaluated two major parameters, digestion level and fragment size. We found that while there is a broad range of suitable digestion level, over-digestion dramatically decreases the efficiency of detecting DHS regions. More interestingly, we found that different fragment sizes capture distinct chromatin elements, and thus represent different chromatin structures. We were able to classify different combinations of estrogen receptor coregulators that resulted in different local chromatin structures.

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Correspondence to Housheng Hansen He.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Prostate Cancer
  • Androgen
  • Prostate Cancer Cell
  • Chromatin Structure
  • Fragment Size