Myogenesis-associated hypermethylation in the 3' half of the HOXD gene cluster, which displayed polycomb silencing in most cell types. (a) Red bars, the 55 CpG sites significantly hypermethylated in Mb plus Mt vs. 16 types of non-muscle-cell cultures and 61 CpG sites significantly hypermethylated in skeletal muscle tissue vs. 14 types of nonmuscle tissues in the chr2:176,921,692 -177,074,604 region. At this scale, many differentially methylated sites cannot be discriminated. (b) Examples of RRBS data (a). Using an 11-color semicontinuous scale (see color guide), these tracks indicate the average DNA methylation levels at each monitored CpG site from the quantitative sequencing data (ENCODE/HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology). Data are shown for only a few of the cell culture samples evaluated for this study. Skin fib, neonatal foreskin fibroblasts. (c) Strand-specific RNA-seq profiling at the HOXD gene cluster for Mb, neonatal foreskin fibroblasts, HUVEC and ESC. Each track displays the signal from RNA-seq (ENCODE/Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA) from these cell cultures. The vertical viewing range for the strand-specific RNA-seq was 1 -100 in the UCSC Genome Browser for this and subsequent figures unless otherwise noted. Tan highlighting, the HOXD4 region shown in Additional file 2. (d) The predicted type of chromatin structure in subregions of the HOXD gene cluster is displayed in chromatin state segmentation maps (ENCODE/Broad Institute, Cambridge, MA, USA) based mostly on histone modifications . The predicted local chromatin states are shown with the indicated colors. PcG, polycomb group protein -associated H3K27me3. (e) MyoD binding from C2C12 ChIP-seq  and identification of orthologous human sequences. The relative binding strength is indicated, and sites shown in blue overlapped CAGCTG, which is present in approximately 75% of Myod ChIP-seq peaks and is part of the degenerate consensus sequence for MyoD binding .