Acute myeloid leukaemia samples analysed using conventional methylation-sensitive high resolution melting. Methylation-sensitive high resolution melting can distinguish homogeneous from heterogeneous DNA methylation as each show characteristic melting profiles. The methylated DNA control is indicated by a solid black line (M ctrl), and the unmethylated whole genome amplification control by a broken grey line (UM ctrl). Six acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) samples are indicated by unbroken coloured lines. (a) shows the normalised melting curves. (b) shows the negative first derivative (or Tm) curves. It can be clearly seen that apart from sample 4278 which is unmethylated, none of the other five AML samples resemble the controls. In the Tm plots, these AML samples show broad melting regions which would be expected as a consequence of extensive heteroduplex formation. They begin melting before the unmethylated control, with three samples (3224, 9164, 730-06) continuing to melt in the region indicative of methylation. It should be noted that the methylated DNA control is not fully methylated and contains a typical left-shifted tail (see text).