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Table 1 Histone modifications associated with transcription and nucleotide excision repair.

From: Chromatin structure and DNA damage repair

PTM Transcription NER
H2AXS139ph/yH2AS129ph ? +
yH2AS122ph ? -
H2Aub - +
H3K9/K14ac + +
H3K79me + +
H3S10ph + -
H3T11ph + -
H4K20me - +
H3/H4ub ? +
  1. ph = phosphorylation; ac = acetylation; me = methylation; ub = ubiquitination, '+' = upregulation or positive effect of the post-translational modification (PTM), '-' = downregulation or negative effect of the PTM and '?' = unknown function.